CWRU researcher awarded more than $4.7 million to develop drug-delivery nanotechnology
Nicole F. Steinmetz, the George J. Picha Professor in Biomaterials, member of the Case Comprehensive Cancer Center and director of the Center for Bio-Nanotechnology at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, has received two major grants from the National Institutes of Health to develop microscopic drug-delivery systems for patients living with breast cancer and those at risk for serious blood clots.
“Nanoparticle engineering is an evolving field, with enormous potential in molecular imaging and therapeutics. We are thrilled that the National Institutes of Health is supportive of this new frontier in medicine,” Steinmetz said.
The R01 awards are from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). Steinmetz plans to collaborate with fellow members of the Case Comprehensive Cancer Center (Ruth Keri and Julian Kim), Case Center for Imaging Research (Xin Yu), and the CWRU Cardiovascular Research Institute (Yunmei Wang and Daniel Simon), as well as a collaborator at Dartmouth Geisel School of Medicine (Steven Fiering) for the funded studies.
Targeting triple-negative breast cancer
As part of the $2.2 million NCI award, Steinmetz will develop therapeutic nanotechnology specifically for triple-negative breast cancer patients. Triple-negative breast cancer cells do not have receptors on their surfaces that are often leveraged by drug developers, severely limiting treatment options for about 15 percent of patients.
But last year, Steinmetz and colleagues found virus-like particles from a plant virus—cowpea mosaic virus—can stimulate the immune system to fight tumors and prevent outgrowth of metastasis. The NCI funding will allow Steinmetz and her team to explore mechanisms behind the anti-tumor effects and develop dual-pronged therapeutic approaches through drug delivery strategies.
“These plant virus-like particles have cancer-fighting qualities on their own, but they can also be used as vehicles to encapsulate therapeutics, such as chemo and immune drugs, to synergize and potentiate the cancer immunotherapy,” said Steinmetz, also an associate professor of biomedical engineering, a joint department of the School of Medicine and Case School of Engineering. “With the new grant, we will test whether combining the particles with breast cancer medications can combat breast cancer in mice.”
Steinmetz also will investigate how the size and shape of the virus-like particles influence immune cells, to identify characteristics that could be used to develop other therapeutic molecules.