Weighted Maximum Posterior Marginals for Random Fields using an Ensemble of Conditional Densities from Multiple Markov Chain Monte Carlo Simulations.

TitleWeighted Maximum Posterior Marginals for Random Fields using an Ensemble of Conditional Densities from Multiple Markov Chain Monte Carlo Simulations.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsMonaco, JP, Madabhushi A
JournalIEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
Date Published2011

The ability of classification systems to adjust their performance (sensitivity/specificity) is essential for tasks in which certain errors are more significant than others. For example, mislabeling cancerous lesions as benign is typically more detrimental than mislabeling benign lesions as cancerous. Unfortunately, methods for modifying the performance of Markov random field (MRF) based classifiers are noticeably absent from the literature, and thus most such systems restrict their performance to a single, static operating point (a paired sensitivity/specificity). To address this deficiency we present weighted maximum posterior marginals (WMPM) estimation, an extension of maximum posterior marginals (MPM) estimation. Whereas the MPM cost function penalizes each error equally, the WMPM cost function allows misclassifications associated with certain classes to be weighted more heavily than others. This creates a preference for specific classes, and consequently a means for adjusting classifier performance. Realizing WMPM estimation (like MPM estimation) requires estimates of the posterior marginal distributions. The most prevalent means for estimating these proposed by Marroquin et al. utilizes a Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method. Though Marroquins method (M-MCMC) yields estimates that are sufficiently accurate for MPM estimation, they are inadequate for WMPM. To more accurately estimate the posterior marginals we present an equally simple, but more effective extension of the MCMC method (EMCMC). Assuming an identical number of iterations, E-MCMC as compared to M-MCMC yields estimates with higher fidelity, thereby (i) allowing a far greater number and diversity of operating points and (ii) improving overall classifier performance. To illustrate the utility of WMPM and compare the efficacies of M-MCMC and E-MCMC, we integrate them into our MRFbased classification system for detecting cancerous glands in (whole-mount or quarter) histological sections of the prostate.

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Short TitleIEEE Trans Med Imaging

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