Radiomics and radiogenomics in lung cancer: A review for the clinician.

TitleRadiomics and radiogenomics in lung cancer: A review for the clinician.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsThawani, R, McLane M, Beig N, Ghose S, Prasanna P, Velcheti V, Madabhushi A
JournalLung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Date Published2018 Jan

Lung cancer is responsible for a large proportion of cancer-related deaths across the globe, with delayed detection being perhaps the most significant factor for its high mortality rate. Though the National Lung Screening Trial argues for screening of certain at-risk populations, the practical implementation of these screening efforts has not yet been successful and remains in high demand. Radiomics refers to the computerized extraction of data from radiologic images, and provides unique potential for making lung cancer screening more rapid and accurate using machine learning algorithms. The quantitative features analyzed express subvisual characteristics of images which correlate with pathogenesis of diseases. These features are broadly classified into four categories: intensity, structure, texture/gradient, and wavelet, based on the types of image attributes they capture. Many studies have been done to show correlation between these features and the malignant potential of a nodule on a chest CT. In cancer patients, these nodules also have features that can be correlated with prognosis and mutation status. The major limitations of radiomics are the lack of standardization of acquisition parameters, inconsistent radiomic methods, and lack of reproducibility. Researchers are working on overcoming these limitations, which would make radiomics more acceptable in the medical community.

PDF Link

Alternate JournalLung Cancer

 *IEEE COPYRIGHT NOTICE: 1997 IEEE. * Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/ republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.

*COPYRIGHT NOTICE:* These materials are presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.