286th LG : Scalable histopathological image analysis via supervised hashing with multiple features.

Friday, September 16, 2016 - 12:00
Cheng Lu
Histopathology is crucial to diagnosis of cancer, yet its interpretation is tedious and challenging. To facilitate this procedure, content-based image retrieval methods have been developed as case-based reasoning tools. Especially, with the rapid growth of digital histopathology, hashing-based retrieval approaches are gaining popularity due to their exceptional efficiency and scalability. Nevertheless, few hashing-based histopathological image analysis methods perform feature fusion, despite the fact that it is a common practice to improve image retrieval performance. In response, we exploit joint kernel-based supervised hashing (JKSH) to integrate complementary features in a hashing framework. Specifically, hashing functions are designed based on linearly combined kernel functions associated with individual features. Supervised information is incorporated to bridge the semantic gap between low-level features and high-level diagnosis. An alternating optimization method is utilized to learn the kernel combination and hashing functions. The obtained hashing functions compress multiple high-dimensional features into tens of binary bits, enabling fast retrieval from a large database. Our approach is extensively validated on 3121 breast-tissue histopathological images by distinguishing between actionable and benign cases. It achieves 88.1% retrieval precision and 91.3% classification accuracy within 16.5 ms query time, comparing favorably with traditional methods.