Discriminative Scale Learning (DiScrn): Applications to Prostate Cancer Detection from MRI and Needle Biopsies.

TitleDiscriminative Scale Learning (DiScrn): Applications to Prostate Cancer Detection from MRI and Needle Biopsies.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsWang, H, Viswanath S, Madabhushi A
JournalScientific reports
Date Published2017 Sep 28

There has been recent substantial interest in extracting sub-visual features from medical images for improved disease characterization compared to what might be achievable via visual inspection alone. Features such as Haralick and Gabor can provide a multi-scale representation of the original image by extracting measurements across differently sized neighborhoods. While these multi-scale features are effective, on large-scale digital pathological images, the process of extracting these features is computationally expensive. Moreover for different problems, different scales and neighborhood sizes may be more or less important and thus a large number of features extracted might end up being redundant. In this paper, we present a Discriminative Scale learning (DiScrn) approach that attempts to automatically identify the distinctive scales at which features are able to best separate cancerous from non-cancerous regions on both radiologic and digital pathology tissue images. To evaluate the efficacy of our approach, our approach was employed to detect presence and extent of prostate cancer on a total of 60 MRI and digitized histopathology images. Compared to a multi-scale feature analysis approach invoking features across all scales, DiScrn achieved 66% computational efficiency while also achieving comparable or even better classifier performance.

PDF Link


Alternate JournalSci Rep

 *IEEE COPYRIGHT NOTICE: 1997 IEEE. * Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/ republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.

*COPYRIGHT NOTICE:* These materials are presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.